For many years, LOR—for most English teachers—stood for The Lord of the Rings. But now, LOR has come to stand for something seemingly even more complicated than Tolkien mythology: Line of Reasoning. Interestingly enough, teaching line of reasoning is not hard and can be done with a couple primary colors and a bit of critical thought.


In this session, we offer concrete definitions, reading activities, and writing exercises that assist students in building their understanding of how to not only comprehend a line of reasoning, but also produce their own. We strive to showcase how the line of reasoning encompasses all of the rhetorical, argumentative, and synthetic skills that the AP® English Language & Composition course explores.


It has been an honor to produce these videos, resources, and sessions and we look forward to continuing to support you in your classroom practices.


Click here to download the presentations for the full series — use in your daily lessons!


Timothy Freitas (Master of Arts, Teaching, Secondary English Education), a College Board-endorsed AP® English Language and Composition consultant, has been teaching AP® English Language and Composition for more than a decade and AP® English Literature and Composition for almost as long. He has also been an AP® Reader and in 2017 was invited to work on the College Board’s Instructional Design Team for the new AP® English Language and Composition framework. Timothy works as a consultant and professional development facilitator for Massachusetts Math and Science Initiative (now Mass Insight Education) and is typically assigned to work in New York City when consulting for the National Math and Science Initiative. Timothy teaches in Massachusetts, currently at Whitinsville Christian School and formerly at Blackstone Valley Tech.


Lauren Peterson (Master of Arts, Education) has been teaching AP® English Language and Composition in a number of states for more than ten years, most recently at Highlands High School in Fort Thomas, Kentucky, where she is also the schoolwide literacy leader. Before this position, Lauren served as a curriculum and instructional coach in Duval County, Florida. Lauren worked for College Board on a pilot curriculum designed to both remediate common AP® English Language challenges and also prepare students for Microsoft Office Specialist Certification. As an independent consultant for the National Math and Science Initiative, Lauren has written diverse curricula used by students across the country as well as training materials for beginning and experienced AP® English Language teachers. Lauren served as an AP® English Language Reader and continues to work as an AP® English Language trainer for new and experienced teachers.


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